Family Immigration

Background

IRPA 3(1)(d): The objectives of this Act with respect to immigration are to see that families are reunited in Canada

The Family Class immigration program supports one of the tenets of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) – The ability for Canadian citizens and permanent residents to bring relatives to Canada.

Who is considered a member of the family class?

  • spouses, common-law partners and conjugal partners 18 years of age or older
  • parents
  • grandparents
  • dependent children, including children adopted overseas
  • any other relative of any age or relationship if none of the above relatives could be sponsored and if the sponsor has no other relatives who are Canadian citizens or permanent residents or who are registered as Indians under the Indian Act

Spouses, common-law partners and conjugal partners

Spouses, common-law partners and conjugal partners are equally regarded as spouses under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act; however, there is a distinction between each of them regarding the eligibility criteria and requirements.

Minimum Age

The foreign national being sponsored must be at least 18 years old when the application is made (IRPR s.117(9)(a)).

Sponsoring Parents and Grandparents

The four most crucial points to establish whether it is possible to sponsor a parent under the family reunification class are:

  • Relationship between child (in Canada) and parent (abroad) – in the present case, Tom and Kathy
  • Sponsor’s Canadian status – i.e., permanent resident card, record of landing, citizenship card
  • Sponsor’s income (which we learned about in Sessions One and Two)
  • Proof of parent’s or grandparent’s identity, age and relationship to their sponsor such as birth certificates corroborating relationship must be provided. The onus is on the applicant to provide this evidence

Family Immigration is Available At These Locations: